Assessment of self-efficacy to employ self-initiated pornography use-reduction strategies (2014)

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Volume 40, January 2015, Pages 115–118

Shane W. Krausa, b, c, , ,Harold Rosenberga, Carolyn J. Tompsetta


  • New questionnaire assesses self-efficacy to use pornography reduction strategies

  • Use-reduction self-efficacy varied by weekly frequency of pornography use.

  • Associations with other constructs supported criterion and discriminant validity.

  • Questionnaire has clinical applications for assessment and treatment.


Introduction: This study evaluated several psychometric properties of a newly developed questionnaire designed to assess individuals' self-efficacy (from 0% to 100%) to employ self-initiated cognitive–behavioral strategies intended to reduce the frequency and duration of their pornography use.

Methods: Using a web-based data collection procedure, we recruited 1298 male users of pornography to complete questionnaires assessing hypersexuality, pornography use history, and general self-efficacy.

Results: Based on a principal component analysis and examination of inter-item correlations, we deleted 13 items from the initial pool of 21 strategies. The resulting 8-item questionnaire had excellent internal consistency reliability, and a moderate mean inter-item correlation considered indicative of unidimensionality. In support of criterion validity, self-efficacy to employ use-reduction strategies was significantly associated with the frequency with which participants used pornography, with scores on a measure of hypersexuality, and with the number of times one had attempted to cut back using pornography. In support of discriminant validity, we found that pornography use-reduction self-efficacy scores were not strongly correlated with general self-efficacy.

Conclusions: Both researchers and clinicians could use this questionnaire to assess pornography users' confidence to employ self-initiated strategies intended to reduce the duration and frequency with which they use pornography.


  • Hypersexuality;
  • Pornography;
  • Coping skills;
  • Self-efficacy

Corresponding author at: VISN 1 MIRECC, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, 950 Campbell Avenue 151D, West Haven, CT 06515, United States. Tel.: + 1 203 932 5711x7907.