Problematic cybersex: Conceptualization, assessment, and treatment (2015)

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Addict Behav. 2015 Nov 29. pii: S0306-4603(15)30058-7. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.11.007.


Wéry A1, Billieux J2.


Problematic involvement in cybersex is generally considered to be an excessive and uncontrolled use of online sexual activities associated with tangible negative outcomes and functional impairment. To date, there is no consensus in the literature regarding the conceptualization and labeling of this disorder, or of its diagnosis and assessment (e.g., screening questionnaires and diagnostic criteria). Through a systematic examination of the literature, we emphasize that problematic cybersex is an umbrella construct that regroups various types of distinct dysfunctional online behaviors. Despite a considerable increase in studies on problematic cybersex, no clear diagnostic guidelines exist for clinicians and researchers. Moreover, the factors involved in the development and maintenance of the disorder remain poorly examined, and the evidence regarding valid assessment and treatment are lacking.


Compulsive cybersex; Cybersex; Cybersexual addiction; Internet sex addiction; Problematic cybersex